What’s the Difference Between a Type 1 and Type 2 Charger?

Driving an electric vehicle has become something that everyone will be doing in the near future – but how do you know what charger you will need.

If you are thinking of purchasing a new Chargepoint for your vehicle, there are many different types of chargers to choose from; some of which might not work with your vehicle! Chargers come in different varieties, lengths, sizes and types. The best way to see what charger fits your vehicle is to check your vehicle’s handbook or to get in touch with your manufacturer.

There are 2 main types of chargers for electric cars (both PHEV and EV); these are Type 1 and Type 2 leads. These can be found on both the cables you buy to replenish your car’s battery at home or in public charge-points. These charging leads have a lot of differences, and one can be more common than the other, especially in today’s modern EV market.

Let’s start with Type 1.

Type 1 charging leads are fairly uncommon in today’s market, however that does not mean they are non-existent. The Type 1 plug has a 5-pin design and features a small latch, keeping it in place while charging. This prevents it from being dislodged or unplugged from the charging socket.

Type 1 charging cable.

Vehicles that use a type 1 charger include: Citroen C-Zero, Ford Focus Electric, Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, Kia Soul EV, Nissan Leaf 2012 – 2017, Peugeot (uses both types), Toyota Prius, Vauxhall.

According to https://www.savemoneycutcarbon.com/learn-save/charging-leads-type-1-and-type-2-whats-the-difference/ from an article published in January 22nd, 2021]

Type 2 Chargers

Type 2 chargers are a lot more common. These connectors feature a 7-pin design and do not have latches to secure the lead. Instead, the vehicles that use type-2 chargers utilize a locking pin feature that secures the plug in-place to prevent it disconnecting while charging. This system is extremely secure, allowing only the EV or PHEV owner to disconnect the lead, rather than the type-1, where anyone could disconnect or unlock the charging lead.

Type 2 charging cable.

Vehicles that use a type 2 charger include: Audi Etron, BMW i3, Hyundai, Jaguar, KIA, Range Rover, Renault, Mercedes Benz EQC, Mini Countryman, Nissan Leaf 2018, Porsche, Smart, Tesla, Toyota, Volkswagen, Volvo XC T8.

[According to https://www.savemoneycutcarbon.com/learn-save/charging-leads-type-1-and-type-2-whats-the-difference/ from an article published in January 22nd, 2021]

In Europe and other parts of the world, the type 2 charging lead is the most common, becoming the new standard for electric vehicles. Both of these chargers work similarly, with pins transmitting a current to the car’s battery, as well as an earthing mechanism for safety to prevent any accidents.

Type 2 leads also have additional functionalities; including resistors that can communicate with your electric vehicle. These resistors ensure the charging process runs without interruptions or complications, giving you a smooth charging experience. The vehicle communicates with the chargepoint and essentially ‘knows’ it is plugged in, while other resistor functions maintain a consistent supply of power to the EV. 

Electric vehicles currently on the market are designed and shipped featuring one of these charging types. This includes fully electric (EV) and hybrid (PHEV) vehicles. Type 2 chargers are becoming more and more popular all over the world, including Europe, America, Asia and more! 

Type 2 chargers are perfect for higher-capacity electric vehicles, with it being extremely wise to opt for an EV and EV charge point that features a Type 2 connection.